Answers to Frequently Asked Questions.

Table of Contents :

What are the system requirements?
386 PC or higher processor.
Power Mac( with SoftWindows)
Disk Space:
3 MB
Operating System:
          Windows 32-bit OS:
Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0
SoftWindows (using Power Mac).
Other Hardware:
CD ROM Reader

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What is Graphology?

Graphology is the study of behavior as it manifests in handwriting. It comes from two Greek words, ‘graphein,’ which means "to write," and ‘ology’, meaning "the study of..." Therefore, when combined, Graphology means ‘study of writing.’

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Where and when did Graphology get its start?

The study of handwriting was mentioned as far back as the days of the Roman Empire. Tranquillus, the biographer of Augustus Caesar, wrote that the Emperor’s cramped handwriting showed his stingy nature. Later, in the 1600's, an Italian physician named Camillo Baldi wrote the first known treatise on handwriting. However, it was not until 1872 that two French monks, Abbe Michon and Abbe Flandrin began a systematic study of handwriting and published the results. In later years, Graphology went to Germany, and eventually to the United States around the turn of the century.

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Is Graphology an art or a science?

Graphology is generally considered both an art and a science. The scientific part comes from measuring many aspects of the handwriting. The art of Graphology is in the interpretation of the measurements and other, more intuitive, assessments of the overall writing picture.

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How is Graphology used?

While there are numerous applications for Graphology, probably its most common use in the United States is in pre-employment profiling. A large percentage of handwriting professionals are hired by businesses to provide behavioral profiles on job applicants, to help determine whether they are a good match for the job and the work environment. It is also used in vocational guidance, compatibility matching, and counseling. A related area is graphotherapy. Graphotherapy consists of a program of writing or drawing exercises, sometimes to music, to facilitate making desired changes of undesirable traits. A separate but related facet of handwriting analysis is Questioned Document Examination. A document examiner does not consider personality, but examines two or more handwritings to determine whether they were written by the same individual.

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How does one become a graphologist?

Unfortunately it is extremely rare to find a school where Graphology is taught for credit. There are some private teachers who provide courses through community services or night schools; or who teach in their homes. There are also some excellent correspondence schools with training available by mail.

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Are there organizations for graphologists?

Several non-profit organizations exist to promote education and research in handwriting. Some of the most prominent are American Handwriting Analysis Foundation, American Association of Handwriting Analysts, and National Society for Graphology. The American College of Forensic Examiners includes handwriting analysts among many other forensic disciplines. The National Association of Document Examiners is an organization for handwriting analysts with a graphological background who also work in forgery identification.

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Is Graphology really used in 80% of businesses in Europe?

In the early part of the twentieth century, Graphology was a major force in Europe. It was taught in Universities as part of the Psychology curriculum, and at one time it was said that 80% of the businesses in France and Germany used it in employment selection. However, during World War II, Ludwig Klages, a prominent German graphologist who was friendly with Hitler, was instrumental in getting all schools of Graphology but his own outlawed in all of Europe. Since his method was entirely intuitive and only he new how he did it, that put many graphologists out of business. Since the war, graphologists have quietly gone about their study, and now, in the 90's we can happily report that it is experiencing a resurgence of popularity. Graphology groups and organizations are springing up in England, Spain, Switzerland, France, Hungary, Iceland, The Netherlands, as well as in Singapore, Israel, China and Japan, as well as other countries around the world.

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Does handwriting change?

There are said to be more than 2,000 variables in handwriting. Some of these elements are basic to the very nature of the writer and chosen unconsciously. On the other hand, some are more superficial and can change with circumstances. Slant and size are the most common factors which change with mood. For example, if you are excited or angry, your writing is more likely to grow in size and slant more to the right. If you are sad, depressed, or concentrating, your writing probably shrinks and slants upright. The things that are not likely to change with mood are the spacial arrangement and the basic movement across the page. However, there is a caveat to that last statement--when the writer experiences major life changes, their handwriting will usually make some adjustment to reflect the manner in which s/he has integrated these experiences into his/her personality. Some changes are temporary and some are more permanent.

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What is the difference between gestalt and trait-stroke Graphology?

Gestalt is a German term which basically means ‘whole’. In handwriting the word ‘gestalt’ is appropriate when the graphologist is looking at the writing as if it were a photograph. He analyzes the sample in terms of the arrangement on the page, form of writing, and movement. He gets an intuitive impression of the entire writing and is able to make certain assumptions about the writer. The trait-stroke approach originated with the French method, and is an exploration of individual elements of writing, which are constructed into a detailed picture of the personality. It is important to use a combination of both methods of analysis in order to form a complete picture of the writer.

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Can printing be analyzed?

Using the basic principles of gestalt Graphology as described above, any type of handwriting or printing can be analyzed. This includes foreign scripts which the analyst cannot read. By evaluating the arrangement, form, and movement of the writing, the graphologist is able to formulate an accurate understanding of the writer. Printing is simply another form of handwriting.

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Can handwriting analysis tell "everything" about a person?

Some handwriting analysts have been heard to say, "I can tell you everything there is to know about the writer." This statement is patently untrue. Human beings are far too complex to know "everything" about them. Handwriting tells a great deal about the writer and gives many clues to their potentials, fears, and areas for development; but it cannot tell "everything." It is only one part of the puzzle--an important part--but it must be considered along with other clues.

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What can and can’t handwriting reveal?

Handwriting can provide an accurate picture of the core personality of the writer in general. Sometimes it is also possible to obtain some remarkably specific insights. It is an excellent employment profiling tool because it is completely non-discriminatory. The graphologist cannot tell age, sex, race, religion, or which hand the writer uses. And, although handwriting tells us much about the writer’s past, it does not reveal the future.

If you have other questions you would like answered, send an email to: Sheila Lowe


call 1-805-658-0109.


For questions or comments e-mail to Write@writinganalysis.com
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